Founded in 1919, Tesco plc is a British multinational grocery and general merchandising retail chain. It is headquartered in Cheshunt, UK and is listed on the London Stock Exchange. It also has a secondary listing on the Irish Stock Exchange.
It is the largest British retailer by both global sales and domestic market share and the third largest global retailer based on revenue, behind Wal-Mart and Carrefour. Over half of Tesco selling space is outside of the UK.
Revenue (£m and currency as quoted)
Number of employees
Origin of ownership
UK Geographical presence
North America, Eastern Europe, Asia
Environmental Risks & Impact
• Tesco's direct environmental impacts arise from: - Property (stores, distribution centres, subsidiary buildings) - Distribution - Business travel by employees
Targets & Performance
Emissions & Energy
• In 2007, Tesco set targets to halve emissions from: - Existing buildings by 2020, from 2006 levels. - Distribution of each case of goods delivered by 2012, from 2006 levels. - New stores by 2020, compared with an equivalent store built in 2006. • In 2008, the company's direct carbon footprint was 4.9m tonnes of CO2e, a 3.7% increase on the previous year. • Energy use in existing stores and distribution centres built before 2006 has decreased by 9.1% in 2009, and by 12.6% since 2007. • 54% of the company's carbon footprint originates in the UK, followed by 10% in Thailand, 7% in South Korea and 6% in Poland.
Emissions by source, 2008/09 (%)
• Tesco invested around £60 million in energy-saving and low-carbon technologies in 2008. Some examples are: - Fresh & Easy's distribution centre in the US invested £7.5m in solar panels which provide nearly three-quarters of the facility's energy. - A store in Turkey is powered by a trigeneration scheme, installed in 2008. - In the UK, the company invested over £26m in 47 CHP/CCHP plants, 27 wind turbines and one solar installation. • Tesco predicts new technology will enable it to reduce around 6,000 tonnes of CO2 per year. • In 2008, total direct carbon emissions from distribution amounted to 563,655 tonnes of CO2. • Emissions per case delivered were 0.154kgCO2, a reduction of 3.7% compared to the previous year. The company says it is almost half way to reaching its target for 2012. • Tesco has switched the majority of distribution fleet to use B50 biodiesel containing 50% biodiesel and 50% standard mineral diesel. • The company has increased the number of double-decker buses on the road from 200 to 300 a day in 2009, saving 6,000 tonnes CO2 per year. • Tesco also seeks to restrict air transport to less than 1% of its products. Water
• Tesco is trialling a number of initiatives to reduce water use including: - Selling water-saving products - Rainwater harvesting - School water conservation campaigns in Turkey - Closed water circulation car washes in Polish distribution centres
• Tesco aims to recycle 95% of UK store waste by 2010. 85% was achieved in 2008. • Tesco has also set a target to reduce packaging weight by 25% by 2010. It's collaborating with around 250 suppliers on more than 3,600 packaging reduction initiatives for both own-label and branded products. • Tesco also aims to cut carrier bag use by 70% by 2010.
• Tesco hasn't set targets for certified sustainable palm oil but it does sit on the Round Table on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). • Tesco only purchases timber and timber products from legal, sustainable sources.
• Engaged the Sustainable Consumption Institute (SCI) at Manchester University (which it helped to fund) to undertake research into biofuels and water reporting. • Reports to the Carbon Disclosure Project. • Working on climate change issues with the Confederation of British Industry, Food and Drink Federation and Institute of Grocery Distribution. • Holds leadership roles in Packaging Recycling Action Group (PRAG). • Collaborating with the Carbon Trust on a carbon-labelling scheme. • Sources around half of its fuel requirements from Greenergy. • Member of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO). • Worked with the International Fishmeal and Fish Oil Organisation (IFFO) to develop a Responsible Supply Code to govern the responsible sourcing of wild fish for fish feed.